Age-appropriate pedagogies


Age-appropriate pedagogies are shaping teaching and learning in the early years of school now and into the future.

Age-appropriate pedagogies support early years teachers to apply a range and balance of teaching approaches and characteristics of quality teaching in their classroom practice. Teachers are supported to align curriculum, age-appropriate pedagogies and assessment to maximise children's engagement in learning and to enhance outcomes.

Children learn best when they are actively engaged in purposeful learning experiences. The Australian Curriculum clearly defines what is to be taught, and teachers use their knowledge of children's interests, strengths and capabilities to identify the most effective way to teach curriculum content.



In 2015, the department published the Foundation paper: Age-appropriate pedagogies for the early years of schooling. This paper presents the findings of a review of international research undertaken by Griffith University on behalf of the department. It provides the evidence base that informs teacher practice, as schools across all seven Department of Education regions enact age-appropriate pedagogies in their early years classrooms.

Since then schools have been encouraged and supported to work towards embedding age-appropriate pedagogies in their early years classrooms. Most recently, investment in a range of initiatives to support enhancing high quality, focused and relevant teaching and learning practice in early years classrooms has been a priority.  Our regional leaders are working with Queensland state schools to identify the most appropriate tools, strategies and resources to support their improvement journey. This work is supporting the development of an informed and cohesive approach to teaching and learning across the state.

Greater recognition of the importance of positive connections between early childhood services and schools in supporting children's successful transition to school has led to a focus on enhancing kindergarten to Year 2 continuity and alignment.

"In 2018 the continuity of teaching and learning across kindergarten to Year 2 has been a major focus area in our efforts to provide all children with a great start to learning in the early years. Embedding Age-appropriate pedagogies in our state schools provides a strong foundation for our young learners — engaging and motivating them, and supporting their learning success." Sharon Schimming, Deputy Director-General, Early Childhood and Community Engagement, Queensland Department of Education.

The Age-appropriate pedagogies Progress and Implementation Reports outline findings and key messages from the work of regions, schools and teachers implementing age-appropriate pedagogies.

More information 

From research to practice
Access videos from teachers and school leaders discussing a range of topics on age-appropriate pedagogies.

The 11 characteristics that form a set of desirable qualities teachers can consider when enacting age-appropriate pedagogies.

Various teaching approaches that may be considered age-appropriate for teaching the Australian Curriculum in the early years.

Case studies
Case studies that demonstrating how school teams have implemented their age-appropriate pedagogies plan.

Practice snapshots
Snapshots of how teachers have aligned curriculum, age-appropriate pedagogies and assessment in their classroom practices.

Examples of practice
Read examples of how curriculum, pedagogy and assessment can be aligned in the early years of school.

Help and support

For more information about age-appropriate pedagogies email the Early Learning Pathways team.

Last updated 20 May 2019