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Approaches

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Various teaching approaches may be considered age-appropriate for teaching the Australian Curriculum in the early years of school. The teacher's role in enacting a range and balance of age-appropriate pedagogies involves deliberate, purposeful and thoughtful decision making and actions to promote children's innate drive for independent learning.

When selecting an approach, teachers need to consider:

  • children's interests and capabilities
  • their own interests, skills, capabilities and philosophies
  • the curriculum
  • evidence of children's learning 
  • school and community contexts. 

Further reading

Explanation of terms (PDF, 2.4MB) (DOCX, 58KB) 
A range of teaching approaches that may be considered age-appropriate for teaching the Australian Curriculum in the early years of school. Each approach is further unpacked into associated practices and strategies.

Approaches – Teacher and child behaviours unpacked (PDF, 239KB) 
May be used to prompt teacher reflection and broaden understanding of the approaches

Approaches – Questions to support teacher reflection (PDF, 255KB)
Assisting teachers to engage in reflective processes required to embed the approaches into planning and practice

Related information

Professional learning materials
Access professional learning materials to support the implementation of age-appropriate pedagogies in the early years of school including peer observation and learning walks tools, and a guide for teacher aides.​

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Last updated 02 January 2019