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Examples of practice in the early years of school

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These examples of practice illustrate alignment of curriculum, pedagogy and assessment in the early years of school. They provide snapshots from across a school year. The examples, which are linked to the Australian Cur​riculum​, include learning experiences that adopt and adapt C2C lessons, monitoring tools and assessment tasks.

The examples of practice demonstrate a range and balance of pedagogical approaches that are both child and teacher initiated, planned and spontaneous, including explicit instruction, inquiry learning, play-based learning and a project approach. The examples of practice illustrate the characteristics of age-appropriate pedagogies: active, agentic, collaborative, creative, explicit, language rich and dialogic, learner focused, narrative, playful, responsive and scaffolded.

Each example of practice can be used to support teacher reflection and decision-making.

Tip: ​Download the example of practice in Prep – annotated sample (PDF, 986KB) for an introduction into how to unpack each example of practice.​

Examples of practice in Prep

Event-based approach

Digital technologies (PDF, 321KB) (DOCX, 36KB)
Mathematics (PDF, 732KB) (DOCX, 34KB)

Project approach​

Geography (PDF, 974KB) (RTF, 123KB)
Science (PDF, 1MB) (RTF, 122KB)

Explicit instruction

English 2 (PDF, 927KB) (RTF, 125KB)​​

Play-based learning​

History (PDF, 1MB) (RTF, 120KB)

Inquiry learning

English 1 (PDF, 933KB) (RTF, 129KB)
History (PDF, 1MB) (RTF, 120KB)
Mathematics (PDF, 965KB) (RTF, 129KB)

Examples of practice​ in Prep/Year 1

​Play-based learning

​English 3 (PDF, 295KB)​ (DOCX, 32KB)​
English 4 (PDF, 734KB)​ ​​(DOCX, 32KB)​

Direct teaching/instruction

​​English 4 (PDF, 734KB)​ ​​(DOCX, 35KB)​ ​​

Project approach

Visual Arts (PDF, 462KB)​ (DOCX, 33KB)​​

​Explicit instruction

Health and Physical Education (PDF, 495KB)​ (DOCX, 32KB)​​

Examples of practice in Year 1 

Science (PDF, 741KB) (DOCX, 40KB)

Related information

Professional learning materials​
Access professional learning materials to support the implementation of age-appropriate pedagogies in the early years of school.​

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Last updated 22 February 2019